- Specie: mixed specie
- Janka Rating: N/A
- Thickness: milled 3/4″ for paneling
- Widths: random widths 3″ – 9″
- Lengths: random lengths 1-1/2′ – 12′
- Grade: sound material, reclaimed
- Kiln Dried: Absolutely!
- Solid Wood or Engineered: solid wood
- Lumber Source: old demolished barns
- Coating Options: available uncoated and pre-coated, custom colors available: VOC free oils, stains, tongue oils, etc.
- Character: knots, nail holes, variation in color and grain pattern, cracks, tool marks, stains, etc.
- Texture: skip planed, old face, or new face available
The Janka Hardness Test measures how many pounds of force it takes to embed a .444” steel ball halfway into a piece of wood. This is helpful in determining if a wood specie is suitable for flooring. Harder wood species have higher numbers. Red Oak is our industry standard for comparing different species. It has a janka rating of 1290. Most hardwoods and many types of softwood are suitable for use as flooring, especially with proper install, coatings and maintenance. Please note that all wood will dent with a forceful enough impact.
An example from Hypertextbook.com:
"Humans will only have one foot on the ground while walking. Estimate that the area of the heel on a man's shoe is 10in². When he walks, a 200 lb. man exerts 20 psi because the weight is supported momentarily by the heel. A 100 lb. woman exerts many more psi when she wears heels. Depending on the area of the heel, she can exert as much as 1600 psi under a 'stiletto heel' ¼ inch on a side. This explains why people with wood floors don't want women walking on them in high heals.”
We believe in solid paneling because we’ve witnessed how well it performs, especially when compared to engineered wood. We only mill solid wood.
When making solid wood paneling, the lumber comes straight from the tree, and then it is milled into your paneling. Simple right?
Engineered wood is made of layers. Generally, the base layer is made of wood particles bonded together with glue. The top layer is a thin piece of wood affixed to the base with adhesive.
Solid wood paneling is 100% wood. There are no chemical additives that will off-gas into your home. The top layer can’t de-laminate or de-bond because it has naturally bonded itself together. Manufacturing shortcomings such as areas of missing glue or low bonding pressure can’t affect solid wood.
Many engineered wood paneling products have limitations on board lengths (6’ and shorter for example). This creates a choppy overall effect with lots of seams. This is not the case with our solid wood paneling. Often, our average board length is 6’-8’.
- Wood is sterilized and insects are killed during the process of kiln-drying. While some reclaimed wood is quite low in moisture, we must take this step to ensure that insects will not be moving into your home.
- Kiln-dried wood absorbs coatings better. In fact, coatings will last longer.
- Kiln drying wood decreases shrinkage and movement in service. Non-kiln dried wood may shrink and de-form as it loses moisture from its environment.
Decreased weight makes for easier handling and installations.
Note: There is no way to prevent wood from absorbing and releasing moisture into its environment. Kiln drying is an important step in reducing (not eliminating) movement in your floors.
Upon inquiry we will provide a written quote for approval and acceptance. Please review the quote carefully and verify that all quantities, species, sizes are what you ordered. The written quote must be signed and the required deposit must be recieved by Excelsior to initiate the order.